PDF | On Feb 1, , Jan Ott and others published Jonathan Haidt, The Happiness Hypothesis; Putting Ancient Wisdom to the Test of Modern. Jonathan Haidt from The Happiness Hypothesis. That's officially the longest intro quote of any of the Notes I've created so far but OMG. Makes you wanna read. POSITIVE WORKPLACE ALLIANCE FOUNDER'S GROUP The Happiness Hypothesis by Jonathan Haidt The Happiness Hypothesis by Jonathan Haidt of the.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Portuguese|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration needed]|
Introduction: That was the voice of my guest, Jonathan Haidt, Ph.D. Dr. Jonathan Haidt is the book, The Happiness Hypothesis: Finding Modern Truth in. Editorial Reviews. From Publishers Weekly. Starred Review. The spirit is willing but the flesh is The Happiness Hypothesis: Finding Modern Truth in Ancient Wisdom - Kindle edition by Jonathan Haidt. Download it once and read it on your . This file contains a version of chapter 4 from the book The Happiness Hypothesis : Finding modern truth in ancient wisdom,1 by Jonathan Haidt. This version has.
The book is divided into five major topics: how the mind works, social life, happiness, flourishing and meaning. Each is then subdivided into a few key topics or great ideas. First, that humans have a divided mind, the parts of which are sometimes in conflict with one another.
And, second, thinking makes it so. Long story short, the elephant is the old brain inherited into humankind through the millennia of evolution. This brain works very well, thank you, having gone through the rigors of natural selection.
The rider, on the other hand, is the newer brain, a version 1. This rider brain evolved really to serve the elephant brain and not vice versa. The new brain is not function specific. The orbitofrontal cortex supplements the limbic system and is key to decision making.
This is the elephant. This is the actor. Controlled processing requires both language and conscious thought and can process one matter at a time. This is the rider. The rider is able to consider the future and advise but not control the elephant. In fact, the mismatch in maturity of the elephant and the rider, the automatic processing and the controlled processing, gives rise to a lack of integration between the rider and the elephant.
This may well explain our failures of self-control, our inability to effectively control mental intrusions try not thinking about something and our difficulty in winning an argument many of our decisions are really the elephant responding as it has evolved, the rider then tries to explain the inexplicable. Haidt suggests that really emotional intelligence is a skillful rider who is able to distract the elephant. Changing Your Mind: This chapter is really about our reality being the result solely of how we think about things.
Reciprocity: Human group expansion could only occur per Haidt with the ability to expand from kin altruism which limits social groups to or so people at a time to ultra-sociality allowing for much larger, more complex groups. This reciprocity is supported in human groups by vengeance protects you from exploitation and gratitude insures ongoing reciprocity. This expands the cooperative circle and increases our connectedness in ways that work to ensure group survival.
Interestingly, only three other animals have this ultra-sociality: bees, termites, and mole rats. Faults of Others: Much like Robert Quinn, Haidt advises that we must own and overcome our own hypocrisy which allows us to see others realistically and ourselves less so.
Science offers that happiness is genetic tendency supported by attachments. Haidt offers that happiness is really a bit more complex.
Conditions include things like noise in your environment, commuting time, lack of control, shame, and relationships. Voluntary activities are those that yield flow, allowing us to enjoy both pleasure and gratifications which comes from strengths per Seligman.
The elephant is still with us. And, he cares about prestige, competition, not happiness. Adversity Theory: The adversity theory seeks to explain how some are able to experience post traumatic growth rather that post traumatic stress disorder following significant adversity. Haidt offers both a weak theory — that people can experience post traumatic growth following adversity — and a strong theory — that people must endure adversity for growth.
Adversity too early or too late is likely to not result in growth. Coherence among these three levels, that is, vertical coherence in a high degree, is what yields happiness. Optimists are more likely to benefit from trauma. They tend to use active coping and reappraisal while pessimists tend to use avoidance coping. Four strategies are recommended: changing cognitive style through meditation, cognitive therapy or prozac; cherishing and building your social networks; religious faith and practice; and, writing or talking it out.
Explicit knowledge, the knowing what to do, rests with the rider. The elephant is still with us.
And, he cares about prestige, competition, not happiness. This includes three chapters: Adversity Theory: The adversity theory seeks to explain how some are able to experience post traumatic growth rather that post traumatic stress disorder following significant adversity. Haidt offers both a weak theory — that people can experience post traumatic growth following adversity — and a strong theory — that people must endure adversity for growth.
He ultimately decides on a modified strong theory: Adversity too early or too late is likely to not result in growth. Coherence among these three levels, that is, vertical coherence in a high degree, is what yields happiness. Optimists are more likely to benefit from trauma. They tend to use active coping and reappraisal while pessimists tend to use avoidance coping. Four strategies are recommended: Explicit knowledge, the knowing what to do, rests with the rider.
Tacit knowledge, the knowing how to do it, resides in the elephant.
Sternberg defines wisdom as tacit knowledge that lets a person balance two things: Haidt then discusses the differences in character ethics, where one knows what is right, and quandary ethics, where one is taught how to reason through ethical questions. He suggests that the modern shift from character ethics to quandary ethics is ineffective in establishing a shared ethical community.
Volunteerism enhances happiness more as you age. Demographic diversity is a good form of diversity. Moral diversity in which all morality is relative, subject to the individual reasoning it through in particular circumstances, has led to anomie social instability caused by erosion of standards and values.
In this final chapter, Haidt, a self confessed Jewish atheist, uses an analogy to Flatland to describe what he believes is an innate need for divinity, not religion in the traditional sense. In Flatland, the square is introduced by the sphere to a new world moving from two dimensions to three. Similarly, humans operate within two dimensions as well: The third dimension which runs from animals at its base, humans in its middle and divinity or god at its upper end is divinity or transcendence.
Shweder writing about morality identifies three ethics: Different cultures balance among these three ethics in differing manners. The ethic of autonomy encourages individuals to pursue their own goals and to preserve their individuality. The ethic of community focuses on team or community goals and the integrity of the group; obedience, loyalty and leadership are of paramount importance.
The ethic of divinity focuses on protecting the unique person in each of us from degradation — preserving the god within us. He who does a mean deed is by the action itself contracted. He who puts off impurity thereby puts on purity. If a man is a heart just, then in so far is he God. Elevation is the emotion identified as being elicited when moral action is observed. Elevation evokes a warm, pleasant feeling and a conscious desire to help others or become a better person.
It does not move us, however, to action.
It moves us to greater connection with others. Elevation arising from observation of non- moral activities is experienced differently at a physical level: Haidt speculates that the Vagus nerve is activated during elevation and also during gratitude and appreciation. Maslow on peak experiences: Discussion Seeds 1.
What idea s here would be useful in the positive workplace? How do Haidt and Quinn recommend we deal our personal faults and those of others? What does this suggest in the workplace? The Positive Workplace?
What does the progress principle the pleasure is in the journey, not the destination suggest for the positive workplace? Feedback, rewards, focus, etc.? Related Papers. By Geoff W Sutton. Morality in Conflict in the Workplace. By Cathy Bennett. By Jason Cohen. Expert moral intuition and its development: By Michael Lacewing. Download pdf. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link.
Need an account?